QUIXAB

Quixab is a city of the state of Pernambuco, composition for the district headquarters and the town of Lagoon de a Cruz. Topnimo Quixaba mentions the fruit to it of a Brazilian tree, the quixabeira. Also in the Dictionary of Tupi Orlando Boldroni it appears Quixaba (Quiaba), word the one that the cariris indians attributed to the direction of dormitory or place of landing, generally under of the quixabeira. It has registers of a farm with this name in the city of Flowers. Also it has a community of the city of Parnamirim with this name. Initially Quixaba as district was created in 1953, subordinated to the city of Flowers.

In 1 of October of 1991 it was raised to the category of city, desmembrado of Carnaba. Its population esteem in 2004 was of 6 551 inhabitants. Its economy is based on cattle agriculture and. Km possesss an area of 216,38. Its padroeiro is Sebastio.

Proper Suffered

The life expectancy of the noble ones was of 44 years, exactly for the noblemen richest. The ways noble them were far from being refined, consumed great amount of beer and wine, used the proper punhal to cut foods, played the remaining portions and bones in the soil stop the dogs. The woman was treated with disdain and brutality. The medieval world was of the men. Only in sec. XI and XIII, with the development of the cavalry, the behavior of the noblemen will become finer. The life of the servants was not far from easy, in the plantation stations and harvest worked of the rising to the one for of the sun. It liveed in huts of estuque, beaten soil always humidified for rain or the snow, roof of straw.

Not possua furniture, its bed was a wooden box covered of straw and its chair was a bank of three feet (mocho) without leans. Its feeding was scarce and coarse, constituted of black or mixing bread, meat salty fish and some vegetables and cheese, since it could not enjoy of what it produced. The servants, constantly passed hunger and suffered with the constant epidemics. They were illiterate and they in such a way suffered discrimination on the part from the noblemen as for dull, ugly, vesgos, stingy the inhabitants of the city, called who them sly, that they had been born of esterco of donkey and that the devil did not want them in hell because they smelled badly. They withheld the servile ownership of the lands, that exactly when they were vendidas, preserved the production right on them had, you the obligation to take care of of them, until the end of the days, when old or sick and they were disabled to work. Gentlemen did not have military obligations with its. Economy (168) In the feudal society, had predominance of the subsistence production and the social relations were of servitude.

The Fence

His body burned on a pyre, who was usually a outside the cemetery. Then the bones along with a variety of implements were placed in an amphora, or other vessel, which served as an urn. Openings boxes laying the whole vessels, or their fragments, bricks, flat stones. Urns were placed in a small rectangular tomb, which is covered with earth or stones blocked. In the funeral ceremony there are some differences.

So, sometimes the bones carefully cleaned of traces of the pyre. Sometimes, when the urn is not used, the remains of a bonfire just pour in burial pit. In some tombs, besides boxes, put the containers, put tools, jewelry, weapons. The walls of some tombs lined with slabs, and the resulting stone box on top overlapped another plate. There are cases where the pyre stacked directly on top of the burial pit. After the fire is waning, the remains of a bonfire filled with stones, thus creating a low mound.

Differences in Rite suggest that people who left their graves, were representatives of various tribes. The bulk of the graves, belonging, probably, freemen, bezynventarna. Private burial accompanied by a fairly diverse set of things. They found weapons (sword, battle axes, spears, daggers, shields metal parts), jewelry (bracelets, pendants, earrings, rings, rings, necklaces), details of clothing (Fibulae, buckles), coins, utensils, work tools (sickles, knives, needles, awls, the touchstone, the fence). A lot of things before you drop into the grave, deliberately spoiled: bend metal objects and broken, clay and glass bowl broken.

History and Art

In Daily pay-History, they had appeared the first artists of the humanity, lived in small groups, they were nomadic and they were fed of the hunting, of it fishes and the collection of fruits. This period approximately understands of the 500,000 30,000 years B.C., is called Age of Paleolithic the Splintery Rock or that divides in Inferior and Superior. In the Inferior Paleolithic period, the man exerts the control of the fire and creates rudimentary instruments very; In the Superior Paleolithic period the main event is the development of the painting and sculpture. The creations do not stop. After that it comes the Age of Neolithic the Polishing Rock or (approximately the 10,000 5,000 years B.C.) and the Age of Metals (approximately the 5,000 3,500 years B.C.). The plastic arts (painting and sculpture) had appeared well before the writing (Age of Metals), with this can be perceived how much the art is important, it has how much time is part of the life human being and as it is necessary to use it knot Basic Education, Average and Superior. According to CALABRIA and MARTINS (1997): In the caves (natural habitat of the primitive man) researchers had found first paintings carried through. They are paintings of horses, deer, bisons, bears, etc.

Are true halls of art, as example we have ' ' Grotto of Lascaux' ' ' ' Grotto of Pech-Merle' ' both in France. The reason for which our ancestor still drew in the walls of the caves is unknown, however many theories exist that try to explain. Most accepted for the researchers it is of that they drew thinking about the animal to be hunted, therefore believed that drawing the animal it would be much more easy to dominate it. In paintings, the ink was produced for the proper man, generally used lands (rich in ores), coal, blood and fats of animals, amongst other available resources for the time.