The bottom of the cap in mushroom plate consists of thin plates arranged radially from the stem to the edges of the cap. Plates spores are formed. Representatives of the plate are: saffron, milk, volnushka, chanterelle, svinushka, Valuoja, mushrooms and other fungi have marsupials cap structure is wrinkled with grooves (bags). In these pits are controversial. These include truffles, morels, and lines. Under the terms of the growth and nutrition of mushrooms can be divided into three groups: saprophytes, symbionts and parasites. The group consists of saprophytic fungi growing in the field of organic matter and humus-eating due to decomposition of plant residues (humus) or manure (mushroom, raincoats, dung beetles).
In our time can be cleaned with pads on a professional cleaning equipment bag. These mushrooms can be cultivated artificially. Symbionts feed from organic substances produced by living rooted trees, and instead, give the roots of nutritious juices, and mineral substances extracted from mushrooms soil (symbiosis), this group includes most of the edible fungi. Mushrooms-parasites feed on substances that are generated living plants, not giving them anything in return. Representative of this group is the honey agaric. Depending on the nutritional value of mushrooms are classified into four categories. By national standards, to the highest category 1 include a white mushroom, Lactarius real, real saffron, or deli. Need cleaning pads.
In the 2nd category of edible mushrooms are grainy Greasers and later, orange-cap boletus yellow-brown and reddish-brown, mushroom ordinary and dvusporovy (cultivated), white and milk mushroom podgruzdok yellow. By category 3 belongs to the largest number of fungal species 28, including morel and strochok, chanterelle ordinary, Mokhovikov, boletus, Polish mushroom, honey agaric autumn, Valuoja, Russula, Lactarius aspen, euphorbia, volnushka. By category 4 includes mushrooms with coarse pulp skripitsa, serushka, milk and pepper gray, Gladyshev, gorkushka, podgruzdok black in the restoration and others. By the time of growth and collection of mushrooms can be roughly divided into spring, summer and autumn, and autumn. By the spring morel mushrooms are, the lines, to the summer-autumn – white, aspen, boletus, boletus, mushrooms, chanterelles, mushrooms, etc. russula; to fall – mushrooms, green linnet, Polish mushrooms, etc.